HEURISTICS – enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves : a “hands-on” or interactive heuristic approach to learning.
Encouraging a person to learn, discover, understand, or solve problems on his or her own, as by experimenting, evaluating possible answers or solutions, or by trial and error – a heuristic teaching method.
Heuristic methods are used to speed up the process of finding a satisfactory solution, where an exhaustive search is impractical. They include using a “rule of thumb” an educated guess, an intuitive judgment, or common sense.
In psychology, heuristics are simple, efficient rules these are “hard wired” into us by our experiences and evolution we learnt them, these “rules” that people live by are often the reasons why we make decisions we do , come to judgments we do, and solve problems in the way we do , or not at all, typically when facing complex problems or incomplete information. These rules work well for us under most circumstances, but in certain cases lead to systematic errors or cognitive biases, we are effected by what we see and who is observing us. They are the rules that underline us often subconsciously.